These are the forms I have used in my garden, links alongside each form take you to pictures of the actual plants…
A good form for walls and tall fences, or on wires in the open. Suitable for apples, pears or grape vines.
For apples, pears or grape vines, grown on a low fence or balustrade.
A single tier espalier, used to edge beds. Suitable for apples, pears or grape vines.
> ‘Beauty of Bath’ apple
A compact form for walls and fences. Often seen trained at an angle of 30 to 45 degrees. Suitable for apples and pears.
A trident form. Suitable for apples and pears.
A modified double cordon where laterals are trained inwards along alternate wires to form a ladder. Suitable for apples and pears.
Suitable for red and white currents and gooseberrieswhich produce many stems from the base.
Plums, cherries, apples and pears can be trained in this form. It can easily spread to 16ft (5m) across.
By training successive leading shoots to either side a zig-zag pattern is produced. Suitable for plums, cherries, apples and pears.
A method of training cane fruit such as blackberry, tayberry, loganberry etc. The canes shown will produce fruit, new shoots appear from the base and can be tied in the other side to fruit next year.
It is common to see orchard trees with a clear stem but soft fruit such as gooseberries and currents can be trained as standards also.